Pain reduction through ‘hands-on’ treatment


The word chiropractic is derived from the Greek words ‘cheir’, meaning ‘hand’, and ‘praktike’, which means ‘to practice (business)’.

There are times when your horse’s general movement is ‘off’ and there are no obvious signs of what may be causing the stiffness or general discomfort. In an effort to treat horses holistically, Epona Equine Veterinary Services sometimes employ the services of qualified equine chiropractor, Dr. Pamela Posein, to help alleviate your horse’s discomfort and restore motion.

Did you know… that in the province of British Columbia, unless you are a veterinarian, you can only practice equine chiropractic under the direction of a veterinarian? This is why Dr. Plaxton and Dr. Guillemaud have fostered a close working referral relationship with Dr. Posein. They discuss individual cases with her regularly, and keep in close contact regarding their equine patients’ progress.

Dr_ Pam

Dr. Pamela Posein holds a post-graduate Certificate in Animal Chiropractic from Parker University in Dallas, Texas

Dr. Pamela Posein (pronounced Po-zine) is a Doctor of Chiropractic at River City Therapeutic Centre in Campbell River, BC. For her 4-legged patients, Dr. Posein works exclusively under the expert veterinary advisement of the professionals at Epona Equine Veterinary Services. She is qualified to do so as she holds a post-graduate Certificate in Animal Chiropractic from Parker University in Dallas, Texas. This certificate requires several hundreds of hours of practice and theory learning time to complete, in addition to her certification in human chiropractic medicine.

‘Dr. Pam’ is also an avid horse person with 35 years experience, so she understands the unique needs and demands placed upon our equine athletes. She has competed in both Western and English disciplines, and has trained several horses during her career. Dr. Pam most notably competed internationally in the sport of Modern Pentathlon for Canada and is a former Canadian Women’s National Champion in this sport.

What is chiropractic care?

The American Association of Equine Practitioners explains that chiropractic is a form of manual therapy that uses controlled forces applied to specific joints or anatomic areas to cause a healing response. This response is due to changes in joint structures, muscle function and neurologic reflexes.

The principle common to all chiropractic theories is that joint malfunction affects the normal neurological balance found in healthy individuals. [Human or animal.] The goals of chiropractic treatment are to restore normal joint motion, stimulate nerve reflexes and reduce pain and abnormally increased muscle tone. Successful manipulation requires proper technique (i.e., correct direction, force, amplitude and speed) and increased psychomotor skills. A thorough knowledge of vertebral anatomy and joint biomechanics is also required for proper chiropractic evaluation and treatment.


Dr. Posein uses a ‘hands-on’ approach, and a thorough knowledge of equine anatomy and joint biomechanics, to perform the adjustments.

Learn more about chiropractic treatment for horses: